Oral Thrush and Bumps on Back of Tongue: Causes and Treatment
June 6, 2023
The back of the tongue lumps and oral thrush can both be unpleasant and worrying. Oral thrush is a fungal infection in the mouth caused by an excess of Candida, as opposed to lumps on the back of the tongue, which can be caused by a variety of illnesses, including infections, allergies, or even merely irritability from specific meals or beverages. Although both conditions are fairly common, they occasionally result in discomfort and even pain. Fortunately, there are medications that can manage these conditions and prevent recurrence. We’ll discuss the underlying factors that contribute to oral thrush and bumps on the back of the tongue, possible treatments, and some lifestyle changes and prevention advice to help manage these problems.
A fungus called oral candidiasis, sometimes known as oral thrush, affects the mouth and throat. The Candida fungus, which normally grows in modest numbers in the mouth, overgrows as a result of this condition. But when the immune system is compromised or additional factors like medication use, diabetes, or poor oral hygiene are present, the fungus may spread out of control and result in thrush.
Symptoms of Oral Thrush
The symptoms of oral thrush may vary from person to person, but the most common symptoms include:
White or yellowish patches on the tongue, gums, inner cheeks, or roof of the mouth
Inflammation or redness in the wounded regions
Difficulty swallowing or a feeling of food getting stuck in the throat
Loss of taste or altered taste
Cracking or peeling of the corners of the mouth
Causes of Oral Thrush
Oral thrush development can be influenced by a number of variables, such as:
Weakened immune system due to diseases such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, or diabetes
Medication use, such as antibiotics, corticosteroids, or birth control pills
Poor oral hygiene
Dentures that don’t fit properly
Chemotherapy or radiation therapy
What are Bumps on the Back of the Tongue?
Bumps on the back of the tongue are common and usually harmless. They might be red or white in colour and can be little or huge bumps. These bumps can be caused by several factors, including:
Causes of Bumps on the Back of the Tongue
Enlarged papillae: The bumps on the back of the tongue are the papillae. In some cases, these papillae can become enlarged, which can cause bumps on the back of the tongue.
Lie bumps: The tongue may develop these little red or white lumps. They are usually caused by irritation, such as from spicy or acidic foods.
Oral thrush: Oral thrush can also cause bumps on the back of the tongue.
Other conditions: Bumps on the back of the tongue can also be caused by other conditions such as canker sores, oral cancer, or allergies.
Symptoms of Bumps on the Back of the Tongue
Depending on the underlying reason, bumps on the back of the tongue might have a range of symptoms. Some typical signs include:
Pain or discomfort: Bumps on the back of the tongue can be painful or uncomfortable when eating or swallowing.
Redness or inflammation: The affected area may appear red or inflamed.
Swollen or enlarged bumps: Bumps on the back of the tongue may become swollen or enlarged, making them more noticeable.
White or yellowish patches: White or yellowish spots occasionally accompany lumps on the back of the tongue.
Treatment for Oral Thrush in Adults
The extent of the infection determines the course of treatment for oral thrush. In minor situations, the infection could go away naturally without any medical intervention. In more severe circumstances, though, antifungal medicine might be necessary. Your doctor might give antifungal medications like fluconazole or clotrimazole as tablets, lozenges, or mouthwash.
Tips to Prevent Oral Thrush
There are several things you can do to reduce your risk of developing oral thrush, including:
Practice good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day.
To get rid of oral germs, use mouthwash.
Avoid using mouthwash that contains alcohol, which can dry out the mouth.
Avoid smoking and tobacco use.
Limit your intake of sugar and foods that are high in carbohydrates.
Home Remedies for Oral Thrush
There are a number of natural treatments that, in addition to medicine, can help alleviate the signs and symptoms of oral thrush, including:
Saltwater rinse: Mix one teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water and rinse your mouth with it several times a day. This can help reduce inflammation and soothe the mouth.
Yogurt: Eating yogurt that contains live cultures can help restore the natural balance of bacteria in the mouth and prevent the overgrowth of the Candida fungus.
Tea tree oil: Add a few drops of tea tree oil to a cup of warm water and use it as a mouthwash. Tea tree oil has antifungal properties and can help kill the Candida fungus.
Coconut oil: Swish a tablespoon of coconut oil in your mouth for 15-20 minutes and spit it out. Due to its antifungal qualities, coconut oil can help lessen mouth inflammation.
Treatment for Bumps on the Tongue’s Back
Treatment for bumps on the back of the tongue depends on the underlying cause. The majority of the time, bumps on the back of the tongue are unharmful and don’t need to be treated. However, if they are causing discomfort or interfering with your ability to eat or swallow, your doctor may recommend:
Medications: Depending on the cause of the bumps, your doctor may prescribe medications to reduce inflammation or treat an infection.
Oral hygiene: Practicing good oral hygiene can help prevent bumps on the back of the tongue. Brush your teeth twice a day and floss once a day to remove bacteria and food particles from your mouth.
Tongue scraper: Using a tongue scraper to remove bacteria and debris from the tongue can help reduce the risk of bumps on the back of the tongue.
Tips to Prevent Bumps on the Back of the Tongue
There are several things you can do to reduce your risk of developing bumps on the back of the tongue, such as:
Avoiding acidic or spicy foods as well as other items that might irritate the tongue.
Constantly hydrating your mouth by consuming plenty of water.
Quitting smoking or tobacco use.
By brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day, you can keep your mouth healthy.
Removing germs and dirt from the tongue with a tongue scraper.
Prevention and Lifestyle Modifications
While treatment is important for managing oral thrush and bumps on the back of the tongue, prevention is also key to maintaining good oral health. Here are a few steps you can take to prevent these conditions from developing:
Maintaining Good Oral Hygiene Practices
One of the most crucial things you can do to avoid oral thrush and pimples on the back of the tongue is to practice regular oral hygiene. To get rid of bacteria and food particles from your mouth, brush your teeth twice a day, floss every day, and use an antiseptic mouthwash to rinse. Additionally, you should brush your tongue because doing so can help get rid of any bacteria or fungi that may be there.
Regular Dental Check-Ups and Cleanings
Regular dental check-ups and cleanings can help prevent oral thrush and bumps on the back of the tongue by allowing your dentist to identify and treat any potential issues before they become more serious. Your dentist can also provide guidance on proper oral hygiene techniques and recommend appropriate treatment if necessary.
Avoiding Known Risk Factors
Avoiding known risk factors can also help prevent oral thrush and bumps on the back of the tongue. This may include:
Limiting your use of antibiotics, as they can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in your mouth.
Avoiding or quitting smoking, as smoking can weaken the immune system and increase the risk of oral thrush.
Removing dentures at night and cleaning them properly to prevent the growth of Candida fungus.
Managing underlying health conditions, such as diabetes or HIV, which can weaken the immune system and increase the risk of oral thrush.
Adopting a Healthy Lifestyle and Diet
Adopting a healthy lifestyle and diet can also help prevent oral thrush and bumps on the back of the tongue. This may include:
Eating a well-balanced diet that is rich in nutrients and low in sugar and processed foods.
Maintaining a healthy weight, as obesity can increase the risk of oral thrush.
Getting regular exercise, which can boost the immune system and reduce inflammation in the body.
Managing stress, as stress can weaken the immune system and increase the risk of oral thrush.
Alternative and Complementary Treatments
While conventional treatment options for oral thrush and bumps on the back of the tongue are generally effective, some people may be interested in alternative and complementary treatments. Here are some concepts to consider:
Natural Remedies for Oral Thrush (e.g., probiotics, coconut oil)
Natural remedies such as probiotics and coconut oil may help manage symptoms of oral thrush. Probiotics, which are good bacteria that are naturally present in the stomach, can aid in reestablishing the delicate balance of oral bacteria and halt the overgrowth of Candida. Supplements and fermented foods like yoghurt, kefir, and sauerkraut contain probiotics.
Contrarily, the antifungal properties of coconut oil can aid in the battle against Candida infection. You can either apply coconut oil directly to the affected area or swish it about in your mouth for a few minutes before spitting it out.
Soothing Techniques for Bumps on the Back of the Tongue (e.g., saltwater gargles, ice chips)
There are some calming methods you can try if the bumps on the back of your tongue are causing you any discomfort or pain. Gargling with salt water can relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Gargle for 30 seconds with a solution of one teaspoon of salt and eight ounces of warm water before spitting it out. Each day, this can be done multiple times.
Ice chips can also provide temporary relief from pain or discomfort. Simply suck on a few ice chips to numb the affected area.
Oral thrush and bumps on the back of the tongue can cause discomfort and pain in the mouth. However, you can lessen your risk of developing these conditions by receiving the right care and taking preventive measures. Visit a doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan if you experience persistent symptoms like white or yellowish patches in your mouth or bumps on the back of your tongue. To lower your risk of developing oral thrush and pimples on the back of the tongue, remember to maintain proper dental hygiene, stay away from irritants, and look after your general health.